Industry 4.0 in Lithuania
Characteristics of the engineering industry sector in Lithuania.
Looking to the statistical data of the engineering industry sector in Lithuania, there can be concluded that so far the highest share of production in produced by more traditional sub-sectors and enterprises. The major share of the production is exported.
Looking to the Lithuanian enterprises that already have made some steps towards the Industrie 4.0 like digitalization, automatisation or robotisation of production processes, there can be noticed, that these are mainly small and medium enterprises working in the engineering industry sector, such as “Baltec CNC”, “Aedilis”, “Precizika” and others.
Many such enterprises started from the digitalisation of their production processes and now are revising their business models accordingly.
Actions and initiatives to enhance the 4th industrial revolution. The chambers of industry, commerce and crafts from the Lithuania and Germany organised the conference on the Industrie 4.0 on the 19th of May 2016. After this conference there was established working group fort the strategic actions in the field of development of structures of the Industrie 4.0 in Lithuania. This group coopperate closely with the experts from Germany. The goal of this group is to help the Lithuanian innovative enterprises to become important production partners from Germany in developing the Internet of Things. The main favourable preconditions for such cooperation are considered availability of high skilled specialists, high level of ICT competences in the country, fastly developing start-ups and one of the highest speed of Internet in the world, as well as favourable conditions for development of production and geographical proximity to Germany. This group is going to develop the strategy of digitalization of industry and to implement common pilot projects with the partners from Germany. The partnership includes AHK, Association of engineering industry of Lithuania LINPRA, Confederation of Industrialists of Lithuania, national association of ICT secytor enterprises of Lithuania INFOBALT, universities and research centres. One of the first steps of activities of this group is to evaluate the potential of enterprises in Lithuania to participate in the development of the Industrie 4.0.
The VET system and it’s readiness to contribute to development of the Industrie 4.0
There can be mentioned the following preconditions for the VET system of Lithuania to contribute to the development of the Industrie 4.0:
- Establishment of the sectoral practical training centres equipped with the forefront technologies and equipment. 42 such centres can become effective platforms for the common initiatives and projects of business and VET providers in the training of specialists for Industrie 4.0.
- Implementation of the work process-based sectoral occupational standards and national modular VET curricula. The occupational standards of the engineering industry include qualifications and competences in the fields of ICT, robotics and other strategic fields for development of the Industrie 4.0. Work-process orientation in curriculum design will enable provision of holistic technological competences and understanding of the technological processes of production, that are necessary for development of Industrie 4.0.
The main challenges of the VET system in relation to the perspective of the Industrie4.0:
- Development of the new technological and didactic competences of the VET teachers and trainers. The current competences of VET teachers in the most cases are not suitable for the conditions of the Industrie 4.0. This is one of the most critical points in preparation of the initial VET system for the challenges of the Industrie 4.0.
- Strengthening of cooperation and partnership between the initial VET providers and enterprises in the fields of curriculum design, as well as in the organisation and provision of training (especially work-based learning and apprenticeship). Despite of many steps and initiatives in this field (including establishment of sectoral practical training centres, introduction of apprenticeship as alternative form of the initial VET provision, opening of the VET schools to the participation of business stakeholders), the partnership is not sufficiently strong in order to enable development of technological and methodical competences required by the Industrie 4.0.
Source: Association of the Engineering Industry of Lithuania LINPRA, http://www.linpra.lt
Share of enterprises that implemented innovations in the sub-sectors of engineering industry
Blue – innovative enterprises
Brown – innovators in the field of business and marketing
Yellow – product innovators
Green – innovators of technological processes